Generation of an iPSC line from a patient with GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1) deficiency: HDMC0061i-GCH1
Author(s): Jung-Klawitter S, Ebersold J, Göhring G, Blau N, Opladen T
Published: February 24, 2017
Journal: Stem Cell Research
Fibroblasts from a female patient carrying a heterozygous variation in GTP cyclohydrolase 1 (GCH1; OMIM: 600225; HGNC: 4193; c.235_240del/p.(L79_S80del)), the rate-limiting enzyme of tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) synthesis, were reprogrammed to iPSCs using the Cytotune®-iPS 2.0 Sendai Reprogramming Kit (Invitrogen) delivering the four reprogramming factors Oct3/4, Sox2, c-Myc and Klf4. Pluripotency of HDMC0061i-GCH1 was verified using immunohistochemistry and RT-PCR analysis. Cells differentiated spontaneously into the 3 germ layers in vitro and presented a normal karyotype. HDMC0061i-GCH1 represents the first model system to elucidate the pathomechanism underlying this rare metabolic disease and a useful tool for drug testing.